The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) commented extensively on the limitations and anomalies of Canada’s final list of Indian Residential Schools. The TRC used primary sources to overcome these difficulties as far as possible, and published two lists of its own:
- 143 Indian Residential Schools covered by the IRSSA1TRCC, Volume 4: Missing children and unmarked burials, Appendix 1.1 Residential schools and residences included in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, pp. 141-149.
- 16 Indian Residential Schools not covered by the IRSSA.2TRCC, Volume 4: Missing children and unmarked burials, Appendix 1.2 Residential schools identified in Indian Affairs annual reports that were not included in the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, pp. 150-151.
We are publishing these 159 Indian Residential Schools, as they appeared in Appendices 1.1 and 1.2 of the TRC’s final report, as a machine-readable, Open Document Spreadsheet (ODS) file, with these data fields:
|SOURCE_TRC||Source = “Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, Final Report, Volume 4: Canada’s Residential Schools: Missing Children and Unmarked Burials, 2015.”|
|SOURCE_STND_ID_TRC||Source Standard ID = “ISBN 978-0-7735-4657-8”|
|APPENDIX_TRC||1.1 = Included in Appendix 1.1
1.2 = Included in Appendix 1.2
|IRS_ID_TRC||Unique identifier. “IRS”+ “-” + [“1.1” | “1.2”] + “-” + [NNN], where [“1.1” | “1.2”] signifies Appendix 1.1 or 1.2 as the source, and where [NNN] signifies the IRS’s ordinal position in the Appendix (giving identifiers ranging from IRS-1.1-001 to IRS.1.2-143 and from IRS1.2-001 to IRS-1.2-016).|
|LOCATION_TRC||Town or city|
|OPENING_DATE_TRC||Initial opening date|
|OPENING_DATE_ENDNOTE_TRC||Endnote number for initial opening dates in Appendix 1.1|
|OPENING_DATE_REFERENCE_TRC||Reference for initial opening|
|OPENING_DATE_SOURCE_TRC||Source for reference|
|CLOSING_DATE_TRC||Final closing date|
|CLOSING_DATE_ENDNOTE_TRC||Endnote number for final closing date in Appendix 1.1|
|CLOSING_DATE_REFERENCE_TRC||Reference for final closing|
|CLOSING_DATE_SOURCE_TRC||Source for reference|
Note: Appendix 1.1 indicates that the Anglican Elkhorn Indian Residential School (IRS-1.1-050) operated for two distinct periods: 1889 [Endnote 101] to 1918 [Endnote 102] and 1923 [Endnote 103] to 1949 [Endnote 104]. Endnotes 101, 102 and 103 of Appendix 1.1 are combined in Endnote 101 in the TSV file.
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