Identifying Canada’s Indian Residential Schools: How hard could it be?

Several weeks ago, I had an idea. I’d first need a definitive list of Canada’s Indian Residential Schools. How hard could it be to find it. Surprisingly. How time-consuming could it be to make it. Ridiculously. I’ve stopped short of a definitive list of Canada’s Indian Residential Schools, but I’m happy to share what I’ve… Continue reading Identifying Canada’s Indian Residential Schools: How hard could it be?

Identifying Canada’s Indian Residential Schools

Identifying Canada’s Indian Residential Schools was challenging for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and remains challenging for us today. The TRC recognized that the “Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) provides the most comprehensive listing of Canadian residential schools for Aboriginal people,” but also observed that “issues combine to complicate any attempt to list… Continue reading Identifying Canada’s Indian Residential Schools

Canada’s Indian Residential Schools under the original IRSSA

By our reckoning, the original Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) identified 131 Indian Residential Schools: Schedule E (Residential Schools) identified 107 Indian Residential Schools Schedule F (Additional Residential Schools) identified 24 Indian Residential Schools. We are publishing these 131 institutions, as they appeared in the original IRSSA, as a machine-readable, Tab-Separated-Value file, with these… Continue reading Canada’s Indian Residential Schools under the original IRSSA

Applications and Canada’s decisions under Article 12 (March 28, 2013)

We have seen that Canada issued periodic updates of its decisions regarding applications to add institutions to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) under Article 12. We are publishing data about 1,502 institutions from the last available update (March 28, 2013), as a machine-readable, Tab-Separated-Value file, with these data fields: Field Definition PREFERRED_NAME Preferred… Continue reading Applications and Canada’s decisions under Article 12 (March 28, 2013)

Analysis of Applications and Canada’s Decisions under Article 12 – 20130328 Update

We have seen that Canada issued periodic updates of its decisions regarding applications to add institutions to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) under Article 12. The last available update (March 28, 2013) concerns 1,502 institutions. The original IRSSA included 104 (6.9%) of these institutions; another 8 (0.5%) institutions were added to the IRSSA… Continue reading Analysis of Applications and Canada’s Decisions under Article 12 – 20130328 Update

AANDC’s “Recognized Institutions”

By our reckoning, Canada identified (at some point, at least) a total of 146 institutions as Indian Residential Schools under the IRSSA: The original IRSSA listed 131 Indian Residential Schools Canada agreed to add 6 institutions under Article 12 Courts ordered Canada to add 4 institutions under Article 12 Canada added 5 institutions to one… Continue reading AANDC’s “Recognized Institutions”

Canada’s Indian Residential Schools under the final IRSSA

By our reckoning, the original Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) identified 131 Indian Residential Schools: Schedule E (Residential Schools) identified 107 Indian Residential Schools Schedule F (Additional Residential Schools) identified 24 Indian Residential Schools. Under Article 12 of the IRSSA, Canada agreed to recognize 6 additional institutions as Indian Residential Schools; courts ordered Canada… Continue reading Canada’s Indian Residential Schools under the final IRSSA

TRC’s Indian Residential Schools

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) commented extensively on the limitations and anomalies of Canada’s final list of Indian Residential Schools. The TRC used primary sources to overcome these difficulties as far as possible, and published two lists of its own: 143 Indian Residential Schools covered by the IRSSA 16 Indian Residential Schools not covered… Continue reading TRC’s Indian Residential Schools

Schools

Selecting “Schools” from the dropdown list of channels to browse, takes the user to the Schools landing page (Figure 1). Now, clicking the link to Coudert Hall (for example) takes us to the school’s landing page. To the left and right of the photograph of Coudert Hall (Figure 2a), we are presented with three categories… Continue reading Schools

Information, Truth and Reconciliation

The Reports and 94 Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRCC) were published in 2015. Appreciating and responding to this rich body of work will take generations of study, reflection, planning, and engagement. The politics of Truth and Reconciliation — politics that is both visible on the surface and also… Continue reading Information, Truth and Reconciliation

Taking on the Catholic Church – Part I

A Renewal Grim discoveries of many hundreds of unmarked graves on the grounds of the former Kamloops and Marieval Indian Residential Schools have renewed calls for the Government of Canada and Christian Churches to be accountable for their parts in a campaign of genocide waged against First Nations. So far, the Catholic Church has been… Continue reading Taking on the Catholic Church – Part I

John A. Macdonald: Nation-builder, Nation-destroyer

Dr. Sean Carleton, an assiatant history professor at the University of Manitoba, appeared before the Holding Court Statue Working Group via Zoom on Friday afternoon. Dr. Carleton said the statue should be removed from its position in front of the Picton Library. Whig Standard, September 28, 2020.

On September 25, 2020, Sean Carleton, Assistant Professor in the Departments of History and Native Studies at the University of Manitoba, made a deputation to the Macdonald Working Group in Prince Edward County. Dr. Carleton spoke about Macdonald’s legacy as a nation-builder and a nation-destroyer, and about the difference between history and commemoration. With permission,… Continue reading John A. Macdonald: Nation-builder, Nation-destroyer

George Manuel recalls the Kamloops IRS of the 1920s

George Manuel: "Every Indian student smelled of hunger" at the Kamloops IRS in the 1920s.

George Manuel, the future founder of the National Indian Brotherhood, carried three strong memories from his years at the Kamloops, British Columbia, residential school in the 1920s. These were: “hunger; speaking English; and being called a heathen because of my grandfather.” The memories of hunger dominated. He was hungry from his first day at the… Continue reading George Manuel recalls the Kamloops IRS of the 1920s