Author: Paul

  • CIRNAC’s lack of transparency in processing sensitive or high-profile ATIP requests

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    On this page Introduction Complexity and sensitivity Conclusion Licence Introduction In a series of posts, we aim to support efforts of the Special Interlocutor and others to understand and overcome barriers to access to information pertaining to the history and legacy of relations between First Nations and Canada. First we describe the context of Crown-Indigenous…

  • Variables and values in CIRNAC’s Annual Reports

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    On this page Introduction List of variables and values Index of variables and values Definitions Statutory deadline and extension of time limit Deemed refusal Request transferred Request abandoned Complexity Sensitivity Consultation and legal advice Effort Outcome Conclusion Licence Introduction Access to information under the control of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada (CIRNAC) and its…

  • CIRNAC’s compliance with Canada’s Access to Information Act

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    On this page Introduction Legislation Policies and procedures Internal audit External oversight Monthly summaries and annual reports Consolidating CIRNAC’s annual reports Change log Licence Introduction Access to information under the control of Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada (CIRNAC) and its predecessors – Indian and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) and Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development…

  • CanLII Coverage of Legal Journals

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      sidebar: Legal pleadings resource: http://ilclegalpleadings.usask.ca/islandora/object/legal%3A658 https://www.canlii.org/en/commentary/journals/ Code Title Coverage Documents ABLR Alberta Law Review 1970 – 2023 2091 ARIJR Annual Review of Interdisciplinary Justice Research 2012 – 2022 108 Appeal Appeal: Review of Current Law and Law Reform 1995 – 2023 207 ARIBTL Asper Review of International Business and Trade Law 2001 – 2021…

  • “Canada’s war against Indigenous People was through law”

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    “After Confederation, the government of Canada waged war–just like the Americans did. Americans did it through military might–the Indian Wars during Lincoln’s era and afterwards were a big part of American history. But Canada’s war against Indigenous People was through law. We waged war through law. Imagine being subjected to that. If you wanted to…

  • Primary legal sources for the TRCC’s Final Report

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    Background Two chapters of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRCC)’s Final Report are concerned with the history of Indian Residential Schools and how the courts afforded some Survivors access to justice: “Abuse: 1940-2000,” Chaper 41, Volume 1, Part 2, pp. 399-451. “Getting to the Settlement Agreement,” Chapter 45, Volume 1, Part 2, pp.…

  • Legal cases cited in the TRCC’s Final Report

    “The signing of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) in 2006 was a major turning point in the relationship between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Canadians. … The disclosure of pervasive abuse and cruelty in the residential school system resulted in some police investigations and convictions of a number of the individuals who had abused students.…

  • William Moher – Land Patent Case File – 1831-1844

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    Local copy [p. 2] {stamped p. 1046} {front of form} No. [blank] NOT TRANSFERABLE William Maher has permission to occupy and improve the East half of Lot No. Five in the Sixth Concession, in the Township of Douro in the Newcastle District as a purchaser under the regulations of the Government, published and bearing date…

  • John Allen – Heirs and Devisees

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    Introduction John Allen presented his claim to John Fleming’s land (west half of Lot 1 Concession 6 in Douro) before the Second Heir and Devisee Commission on three occasions. On July 15, 1840 and July 15, 1841, the Commissioners deferred their decision, pending Allen providing additional information to support his claim. The Commissioners finally allowed…

  • LAC – A 1 Upper Canada Sundries

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    Civil Secretary’s correspondence. Upper Canada and Canada West Record Information Hierarchical level: Series Date: 1766-1841. Place of creation: Ontario Type of material: Textual material Extent: 18.6 m of textual records. Language of material: English Found in: Archives / Collections and Fonds Item ID number: 125539 Former archival reference no.: RG5-A1 Finding aid Textual records (Electronic)…

  • AO Returns, lists and schedules of locations (RG-1-174)

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    Ontario Government Record Series RG 1-174 About these records Agency or agencies that created these records Finding aid information for these records How to order these records About these records Title Returns, lists and schedules of locations Dates of Creation 1800-1839 Physical Description 25 volumes of textual records Scope and Content Series consists of various…

  • FH Dobbin – Emigration into the District of Bathurst, Upper Canada (1923)

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    The Archives of Ontario’s inventory of the Peter Robinson papers mistakenly includes materials relating to the 1823 emigration in Section 10: Emigrants embarked at Cove, 1825. These materials include original lists of passengers on board the Hebe and Stakesby, as well as alphabetical lists of passengers derived from the originals. The provenance of the latter…

  • AO Fiats for land grants – Peter Robinson settlers (RG 1-162)

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    The Archives of Ontario holds several microfilm reels with copies of volumes  relating to Peter Robinson, including Fiats for land grants to the Peter Robinson settlers (RG 1-162). Series RG 1-162 Title Fiats for land grants – Peter Robinson settlers Dates of Creation 1833-1862 Physical Description 42 centimetres of textual records Scope and Content Series…

  • AO Returns of settlers in the Newcastle District (RG 1-84)

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    The Archives of Ontario holds several microfilm reels with copies of volumes relating to Peter Robinson, including Returns of settlers in the Newcastle District (RG 1-84). Series RG 1-84 Title Returns of settlers in the Newcastle District Dates of Creation [ca. 1836]-1869 Physical Description 2 volumes of textual records Scope and Content Series consists of two volumes containing returns…

  • AO Peter Robinson fonds (F 61)

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    The Archives of Ontario holds several microfilm reels with copies of volumes relating to Peter Robinson, including the Peter Robinson fonds (F 61). Fonds F 61 Title Peter Robinson fonds Dates of Creation 1825-1836 Physical Description 5 centimetres of textual records Scope and Content Fonds consists predominantly of letters received by Peter Robinson from government…

  • Provenance of the Peter Robinson papers

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    The centrepiece of the documentary record of Robinson’s assisted emigrations is the collection known as “Peter Robinson papers”. Original items are held in the Peterborough Museum & Archives. Microfilm copies are held in the Archives of Ontario and the Library and Archives Canada. Peterborough Historical Society The Peter Robinson Papers came into the possession of…

  • AO Records relating to Peter Robinson

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    The Archives of Ontario holds several microfilm reels with copies of records relating to Peter Robinson: Table 1. Archives of Ontario holdings of microfilm copies of records relating to Peter Robinson. Microfilm Reels Fonds Subjects MS 12 Reels 1-3 Peter Robinson Papers The Peter Robinson Papers include correspondence, ledgers, ships lists and census material pertaining…

  • AO Records relating to the Peter Robinson settlers (RG 1-163)

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    The Archives of Ontario holds several microfilm reels with copies of volumes relating to Peter Robinson, including Records relating to the Peter Robinson settlers (RG 1-163). The Archives Descriptive Database includes a permanent link to an overview of these records. Series RG 1-163 Title Records relating to the Peter Robinson settlers Dates of Creation [ca.…

  • AO Peter Robinson papers (MS 12)

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    The Archives of Ontario holds several microfilm reels with copies of volumes relating to Peter Robinson, including the Peter Robinson papers (MS 12). See also the holdings of the Peter Robinson fonds in the Library and Archives Canada. In November 1970, the Archives of Ontario published an inventory of the Peter Robinson papers that had…

  • LAC Peter Robinson fonds (MG24 B74)

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    The Library and Archives Canada holds two microfilm reels (M-140 and M-141) with copies of the Peter Robinson papers and a finding aid. See also the holdings of the Peter Robinson papers in the Archives of Ontario. For convenience, we have transcribed the LAC’s finding aid below. Search results for “Peter Robinson” were also saved…

  • Narratives for four Indian Residential Schools come to light

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    [Update: https://www.cbc.ca/news/indigenous/catholic-orders-residential-school-records-1.4686472] Last year the federal government indicated that no school narratives had been created for four Indian Residential Schools and, therefore, that the government would not be providing them to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR) under the terms of a landmark Memorandum of Understanding and Agreement that was negotiated in the…

  • RiC-O Record Resources and Instantiations in Turtle

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    The  GitHub repository for RiC-O includes examples of Record Resources, Agents, Relations, and Vocabularies generated by National Archives of France. We used EasyRDF to convert one Record Resource file in rdf to ttl. The example addressed how to markup Record Resources involving a Record that describes a Record Set (and their Instanitations). We’ll also address…

  • W3C Organization Ontology

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    https://www.w3.org/TR/2014/REC-vocab-org-20140116/ 5.2 Organizational structure 5.2.1 Class: Organization Represents a collection of people organized together into a community or other social, commercial or political structure. The group has some common purpose or reason for existence which goes beyond the set of people belonging to it and can act as an Agent. Organizations are often decomposable into hierarchical structures.…

  • Identifying Authority Records that relate to the Oblates

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    Background Our start on OBLATES-LOD has focused on extracting data from two of AtoM’s main entity types underlying the NCTR’s online archive: Authority records Archival descriptions Here we complete three tasks: Extracting data from 89 Authority Records relate to the Oblates. Collecting HTML and XML versions of the Archival Descriptions of resources that relate to these Authority…

  • Roman Catholic entities in Canada

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    Jurisdictions Let’s create a dataset of two types of jurisdiction used to organize the Roman Catholic Church in Canada: Province Diocese An (ecclesiastical) province is one of the basic forms of jurisdiction in Christian churches with traditional hierarchical structure. In the Roman Catholic Church, an ecclesiastical province consists of several dioceses, one of them being…

  • Catholic entities that operated Indian Residential Schools

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    Let’s create a dataset that assigns responsibility for the operation of specific Indian Residential Schools to specific Roman Catholic entities for specific periods of time. Our primary source is an order to amend the title of proceedings related to a statement of claim against the Canadian government, Churches, and third parties. Nine courts across the…

  • Oblates’ Indian Residential Schools in Canada

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    What’s here Background TRC’s list of Indian Residential Schools Our list of Oblates’ Indian Residential Schools Next steps Background A year ago, I set out to build an authoratative graph of Indian Residential Schools (IRS) in Canada – beginning with identifying their names, locations, religious affiliations, and dates of operation. As the demands of this…

  • Matching Canada’s lists to OIRS

    What’s here Background Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement Canada’s initial list of Indian Residential Schools Canada’s final list of Indian Residential Schools Recap Next steps Background Our initial dataset of Oblates’ Indian Residential Schools (oirs_2022-12-17-1) contains basic identifying information derived mainly from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC). We want to anchor and enrich this dataset…

  • Matching the Oblates’ list to OISR

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    What’s here Background Oblates’ list of their Indian Residential Schools Recap Next steps Background The corporate website for the Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Oblates) advises that “OMI Lacombe Canada was founded in 2003 in response to the changing face of the Roman Catholic Church in Canada. We are part of the worldwide congregation of priests…

  • Integrating NCTR geodata into the OIRS_2022-12-19-1

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    What’s here Background Geodata National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation x Recap Next steps Background So far our datasets provide only basic information (town/city, province/territory) about the location of Oblates’ Indian Residential Schools. We now want to draw upon two sources for more precise geolocation data. National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation One part of…

  • Indian Residential Schools at Kamsack/Fort Pelly and Cross Lake

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    The Truth and Reconciliation Commission noted that “The Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) provides the most comprehensive listing of Canadian residential schools for Aboriginal people. At the time of approval, the Settlement Agreement listed 130 residential schools and residences. The Settlement Agreement also outlined a process by which additional schools could be added to…

  • Graphs and TriG-Star

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    Technologies Resource Description Framework RDF 1.1 RDF 1.1 Turtle RDF 1.1 TriG RDF-star Turtle-star TriG-star Ontologies Records in Context Agreements Contracts Parties Legal Entity Identifier Legal Persons Judiciary Agents Government Entities Corporations Functional Entity Roles Relations Annotation Organization LODE: Linked Open Description of Events Turtle A Turtle document allows writing down an RDF graph in…

  • Sources for Indian Residential Schools

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    Sources Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement Schedule E – Indian Residential Schools Schedule F Schedule x Schedule y AANDC Recognized Insitutions Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada, Final Report, Volume 4 Appendix 1.1 – Appendix 1.2 – Superior Court of Ontario Amended Statement of Claim () National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, Authority Records Indian…

  • Visualizing the operation of Indian Residential Schools by Catholic entities

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    We have published a dataset of Indian Residential Schools that were operated by Catholic entities in Canada. We now present different means of visualizing – and thereby highlighting – different aspects of the dataset using Data Driven Documents (D3), a set of free and open tools. Connecting Catholic entities and Indian Residential Schools Catholic entities…

  • Processing raw data extracted from an Authority Record’s view page

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    The NCTR’s online archive lists its Authority Records in a series of web pages that includes links to view pages of these Authority Records. We extracted a good deal of data from the HTML code underlying these view pages. Unfortunately, these data required considerable processing. First, we needed to sort hundreds of values of different types…

  • Three additional Oblates’ Indian Residential Schools

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    Our update (November 3, 2022) identifies 3 additional Indian Residential Schools managed by the Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Oblates). Recently the Canadian government disclosed that no School Narratives had been prepared for these institutions – though Bilingual One-Page Summaries were available. We have pulled together some background information on these 3 institutions from various sources.…

  • Starting on OBLATES-LOD

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    I’ve recently posted about the challenge of establishing basic facts about Indian Residential Schools (IRS) in Canada, e.g. How many were there? What were their names? When were they open? Who attended them? I’m convinced that Linked Open Data (LOD) and semantic web technologies will help us overcome this challenge. OBLATES-LOD applies these technologies to…

  • Oblates’ management of Indian Residential Schools

    Oblates’ management of Indian Residential Schools

    Update – November 3, 2022 We have now identified 62 Indian Residential Schools once managed by the Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Oblates). In August 2022, we relied upon “School Narratives” prepared by the Canadian government to identify 57 Indian Residential Schools once managed by the Oblates. We have recently confirmed the Oblates’ management of 3…

  • Unmarked graves, undisclosed records – Update July 21, 2022

    Unmarked graves, undisclosed records – Update July 21, 2022

    Update On July 18, 2022, Crown Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada provided me with a copy of the Memorandum of Agreement on Document Sharing  between the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation and Crown Indigenous Relations (January 20, 2022). I have updated this post accordingly. Public statements “The federal government has turned over all…

  • Links to federal government summaries and narratives of Canada’s Indian Residential Schools

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    Introduction To assist researchers, we have integrated our identification of Indian Residential Schools that operated in Canada with our account of the federal government’s sporadic release of relevant documents. The Table includes entries for 155 Indian Residential Schools as listed by the Truth and Reconcilation Commission (Final Report, Volume IV: Missing children and unmarked graves,…

  • Unmarked graves, undisclosed records

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    “The federal government has turned over all of the records we have for residential schools to the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation in Winnipeg.” Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, October 18, 2021 “Unfortunately, this is not accurate.” National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR), October 19, 2021 “I have therefore directed my Department to take all…

  • CO 384/13 Second Emigration to Canada 1825

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      INDEX {f 3R} Mr. Robinson May 22, 1824 Reasons for delaying emigration till next Spring & arrangements to be made. Enclosed letter to Major Hillier directing grant of 200 acres to James Dandon? December 16, 1824 Enclosed memo on subject of emigration. Arrangements necessary to be made. Letters to Mr. Robinson from: Lord Mountcashell…

  • Further ground-penetrating radar searches to begin at Kamloops residential school

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    https://bc.ctvnews.ca/further-ground-penetrating-radar-searches-to-begin-at-kamloops-residential-school-1.5911678 Further ground-penetrating radar searches to begin at Kamloops residential school Published May 19, 2022 8:35 p.m. EDT As the one-year anniversary of the search for unmarked graves at the former Kamloops Indian Residential School approaches, another round of ground-penetrating radar surveillance is set to begin. The Tk̓emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation said in a statement…

  • ‘Most horrific’: Alberta First Nation investigating after remains of children found

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    https://edmonton.ctvnews.ca/most-horrific-alberta-first-nation-investigating-after-remains-of-children-found-1.5907891 ‘Most horrific’: Alberta First Nation investigating after remains of children found Updated May 17, 2022 11:38 p.m. EDT Published May 17, 2022 7:51 p.m. EDT Warning: This story contains disturbing details. Saddle Lake Cree Nation in eastern Alberta is “actively researching and investigating” the deaths of at least 200 residential school children who never came home,…

  • Tk’emlups te Secwepemc prepare to mark one year since confirmation of evidence of unmarked graves

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    https://bc.ctvnews.ca/tk-emlups-te-secwepemc-prepare-to-mark-one-year-since-confirmation-of-evidence-of-unmarked-graves-1.5909949 Tk’emlups te Secwepemc prepare to mark one year since confirmation of evidence of unmarked graves Updated May 18, 2022 11:45 p.m. EDT Published May 18, 2022 9:27 p.m. EDT Memorial planned for missing children It has been almost exactly one year since the Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc confirmed evidence of what elders and residential school survivors had…

  • A year of trauma, catharsis and finally peace for some survivors of Kamloops school

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    https://bc.ctvnews.ca/a-year-of-trauma-catharsis-and-finally-peace-for-some-survivors-of-kamloops-school-1.5913708 A year of trauma, catharsis and finally peace for some survivors of Kamloops school Published May 21, 2022 11:53 a.m. EDT KAMLOOPS, B.C. –  Warning: This story contains disturbing details The nightmares started last May, said Harvey McLeod, chief of the Upper Nicola Indian Band and a survivor of the former Kamloops Indian Residential School.…

  • Timeline slider

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    https://github.com/albertkun/leaflet_hex_timeslider This is a hex bin implementation of leaflet + d3 + nouislider, using vanilla JavaScript with ECM 2016 web standards, so Internet Explorer is not supported. You can use babel or other similar tools to make it IE compatible though. Example See the example here. Technology used Leaflet + d3 plugin from: https://github.com/Asymmetrik/leaflet-d3 Timeslider from: https://refreshless.com/nouislider/ Description Takes in…

  • Indoor Air Quality Sensors in Boston Public Schools

    Indoor Air Quality Sensors in Boston Public Schools

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    Background In a previous post, we investigated the types of ventilation and air filtration systems used in local public schools in southeastern Ontario. In light of our findings, we have called on Medical Officers of Health to require District School Boards immediately to take additional measures to promote the health and safety of students and…

  • Air quality in Ontario schools

    Air quality in Ontario schools

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    Background The Ontario government kicked off the new year by no longer requiring public schools and daycare centres to report cases of COVID-19 among students or staff members. With this decision, the government is now free of its early commitment to publish province-wide daily case reports from two organizations that play vital roles in the…

  • COVID-19 in public schools in Ontario: Fall 2021 vs Fall 2020

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    Introduction Since September 2020, Ontario’s Ministry of Education has published daily reports of COVID-19 in the province’s public schools. Two datasets are of the greatest interest: Schools with recent COVID-19 cases Summary of cases in schools For more on the relationship between these two datasets, and the mechanics of the Summary of cases in schools…

  • Public schools in Ontario 2021-22

    Public schools in Ontario 2021-22

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    With an eye to surveying cases of COVID-19 in the province’s public schools, we are publishing the Mainstream public schools in Ontario 2021-22 dataset. Data sources Our primary data sources are the provincial government’s Publicly-funded elementary and secondary schools in Ontario (November 2021) (the “Publicly-funded schools dataset”), the School information and student demographics (November 2021)…

  • Identifying Canada’s Indian Residential Schools: How hard could it be?

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    Several weeks ago, I had an idea. I’d first need a definitive list of Canada’s Indian Residential Schools. How hard could it be to find it. Surprisingly. How time-consuming could it be to make it. Ridiculously. I’ve stopped short of a definitive list of Canada’s Indian Residential Schools, but I’m happy to share what I’ve…

  • Identifying Canada’s Indian Residential Schools

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    Identifying Canada’s Indian Residential Schools was challenging for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) and remains challenging for us today. The TRC recognized that the “Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) provides the most comprehensive listing of Canadian residential schools for Aboriginal people,” but also observed that “issues combine to complicate any attempt to list…

  • Canada’s Indian Residential Schools under the original IRSSA

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    By our reckoning, the original Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) identified 131 Indian Residential Schools: Schedule E (Residential Schools) identified 107 Indian Residential Schools Schedule F (Additional Residential Schools) identified 24 Indian Residential Schools. We are publishing these 131 institutions, as they appeared in the original IRSSA, as a machine-readable, Tab-Separated-Value file, with these…

  • Applications and Canada’s decisions under Article 12

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    Terms and conditions The Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) defined “Indian Residential Schools” as: Institutions attached as Schedule “E” (“Residential Schools”); Institutions listed in Schedule “F” (“Additional Residential Schools”) which may be expanded from time to time in accordance with Article 12.01 of this Agreement; and, Any institution which is determined to meet the…

  • Applications and Canada’s decisions under Article 12 (March 28, 2013)

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    We have seen that Canada issued periodic updates of its decisions regarding applications to add institutions to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) under Article 12. We are publishing data about 1,502 institutions from the last available update (March 28, 2013), as a machine-readable, Tab-Separated-Value file, with these data fields: Field Definition PREFERRED_NAME Preferred…

  • Analysis of Applications and Canada’s Decisions under Article 12 – 20130328 Update

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    We have seen that Canada issued periodic updates of its decisions regarding applications to add institutions to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) under Article 12. The last available update (March 28, 2013) concerns 1,502 institutions. The original IRSSA included 104 (6.9%) of these institutions; another 8 (0.5%) institutions were added to the IRSSA…

  • AANDC’s “Recognized Institutions”

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    Applications and decisions We have seen that Canada issued periodic updates of its decisions regarding applications to add institutions to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) under Article 12. The last available update (March 28, 2013) concerns applications and Canada’s decisions regarding 1,502 institutions, which we analyze. Recognized institutions Canada also issued periodic updates…

  • AANDC’s “Recognized Institutions”

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    By our reckoning, Canada identified (at some point, at least) a total of 146 institutions as Indian Residential Schools under the IRSSA: The original IRSSA listed 131 Indian Residential Schools Canada agreed to add 6 institutions under Article 12 Courts ordered Canada to add 4 institutions under Article 12 Canada added 5 institutions to one…

  • Canada’s Indian Residential Schools under the final IRSSA

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    By our reckoning, the original Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement (IRSSA) identified 131 Indian Residential Schools: Schedule E (Residential Schools) identified 107 Indian Residential Schools Schedule F (Additional Residential Schools) identified 24 Indian Residential Schools. Under Article 12 of the IRSSA, Canada agreed to recognize 6 additional institutions as Indian Residential Schools; courts ordered Canada…

  • TRC’s Indian Residential Schools

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    The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) commented extensively on the limitations and anomalies of Canada’s final list of Indian Residential Schools. The TRC used primary sources to overcome these difficulties as far as possible, and published two lists of its own: 143 Indian Residential Schools covered by the IRSSA 16 Indian Residential Schools not covered…

  • McConnell Foundation – Background

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    I. McConnell Foundation’s Social Innovation Fund (SIF) Overview Improving the lives of Canadians —and contributing to a more resilient society — requires breakthrough ideas and approaches, game-changing strategies and collaborations, and continuous innovation. To support this work and to commemorate its 75th anniversary, the McConnell Foundation launched the Social Innovation Fund in 2012. The Social…

  • Schools

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    Selecting “Schools” from the dropdown list of channels to browse, takes the user to the Schools landing page (Figure 1). Now, clicking the link to Coudert Hall (for example) takes us to the school’s landing page. To the left and right of the photograph of Coudert Hall (Figure 2a), we are presented with three categories…

  • Information, Truth and Reconciliation

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    The Reports and 94 Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRCC) were published in 2015. Appreciating and responding to this rich body of work will take generations of study, reflection, planning, and engagement. The politics of Truth and Reconciliation — politics that is both visible on the surface and also…

  • LAC School File Series

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    Library and Archives Canada https://www.bac-lac.gc.ca/eng/discover/mass-digitized-archives/school-files-1879-1953/Pages/school-files-1879-1953.aspx About the Records: Indian and Inuit Affairs Program sous-fonds: School Files Series, 1879-1953 (RG10-B-3-d) The Residential School system developed before Confederation from missionary and religious roots. After 1867, the federal government began to play a role when it was given constitutional responsibility for Aboriginal peoples. Between 1867 and 1996, there…

  • Taking on the Catholic Church – Part I

    Taking on the Catholic Church – Part I

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    A Renewal Grim discoveries of many hundreds of unmarked graves on the grounds of the former Kamloops and Marieval Indian Residential Schools have renewed calls for the Government of Canada and Christian Churches to be accountable for their parts in a campaign of genocide waged against First Nations. So far, the Catholic Church has been…

  • Taking on the Catholic Church – Part I DRAFT

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    cbc – Oblates and Gray Nuns witholding photos and docs – https://www.cbc.ca/news/indigenous/catholic-orders-residential-school-records-1.4686472 LAC releases 98 year old health record to Sadowski – https://www.cbc.ca/news/indigenous/archives-releases-document-health-first-nations-1.4540024   Oblates taxing schools to fill coffers – https://www.bishop-accountability.org/news2018/03_04/2018_04_25_Barrera_PoliceFiles.htm   A Renewal Grim discoveries of many hundreds of unmarked graves on the grounds of the former Kamloops and Marieval Indian Residential Schools…

  • Kamloops and the children who died in Indian Residential Schools

    Kamloops and the children who died in Indian Residential Schools

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    Grim discovery On Thursday, the Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc First Nation announced that a survey of the grounds at the former Kamloops Indian Residential School, in B.C.’s southern  Interior, had uncovered the remains of 215 children.  “To our knowledge, these missing children are undocumented deaths,” Tk’emlúps te Secwépemc Kukpi7 (Chief) Rosanne Casimir said in the statement.…

  • John A. Macdonald: Nation-builder, Nation-destroyer

    John A. Macdonald: Nation-builder, Nation-destroyer

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    On September 25, 2020, Sean Carleton, Assistant Professor in the Departments of History and Native Studies at the University of Manitoba, made a deputation to the Macdonald Working Group in Prince Edward County. Dr. Carleton spoke about Macdonald’s legacy as a nation-builder and a nation-destroyer, and about the difference between history and commemoration. With permission,…

  • George Manuel recalls the Kamloops IRS of the 1920s

    George Manuel recalls the Kamloops IRS of the 1920s

    George Manuel, the future founder of the National Indian Brotherhood, carried three strong memories from his years at the Kamloops, British Columbia, residential school in the 1920s. These were: “hunger; speaking English; and being called a heathen because of my grandfather.” The memories of hunger dominated. He was hungry from his first day at the…

  • Switching Accreditors: Costs and Benefits

    Switching Accreditors: Costs and Benefits

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    I’ve had the privilege of consulting recently to three children and youth mental health services (two in Ontario and one in Saskatchewan) and becoming familiar with their accreditation by three different authorities: Council on Accreditation (COA). Canadian Centre for Accreditation (CCA). Accreditation Canada (AC). Mental health – and children and youth mental health in particular…

  • Working with the Ranch Ehrlo Society

    Working with the Ranch Ehrlo Society

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    Our organization had the pleasure of working with Paul as he conducted a broad operational review of our Residential Treatment program for us. Paul is a trained clinician and he brings a very unique combination of skills, abilities and expertise to the consulting work he does. Paul is a strategic thinker, yet he also has an ability to…

  • Locating children who died in Indian Residential Schools

    Locating children who died in Indian Residential Schools

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    The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s “Missing Children and Unmarked Burials Project” was a systematic effort to record and analyze the deaths at the schools within the regulatory context in which the schools were intended to operate. The findings and conclusions included: The Commission identified 3,200 deaths…

  • The future of the software freedom movement

    The future of the software freedom movement

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    On November 1, 2019, Eben Moglen spoke to the Software Freedom Law Center’s 15th Anniversary Fall Conference at Columbia Law School on the free software movement’s future as it turns a crucial page and begins another phase of its long march to freedom. The video is © 2019 Software Freedom Law Center and licensed under…

  • FreedomBox turns ten

    FreedomBox turns ten

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    On November 16, 2019, Eben Moglen spoke at a hackathon, co-hosted by the FreedomBox Foundation and the Software Freedom Law Center, to commemorate the upcoming ten-year anniversary of the FreedomBox. The video is © 2019 FreedomBox Foundation and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 License (CC-BY-SA 4.0). The following transcription of Dr. Moglen’s speech…

  • Over-representation of Indigenous, Black and other racialized children and youth in Ontario’s child welfare system

    Over-representation of Indigenous, Black and other racialized children and youth in Ontario’s child welfare system

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    OHRC’s initial inquiry In December 2015, the Ontario Human Rights Commission (OHRC) announced that it will use its mandate under the Ontario Human Right Code (Code) to examine the overrepresentation of Indigenous, Black and other racialized children and youth in the child welfare system. In February 2016, the OHRC wrote to Children’s Aid Societies in Ontario,…

  • Inequitable and insufficient funding for services for Indigenous children and youth

    Inequitable and insufficient funding for services for Indigenous children and youth

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    “We have a program called I Am a Witness, where we invite everyone to read and watch all of Canada’s documents, read and watch all of ours, and then make up your own mind.” – Cindy Blackstock, Keynote Address to Canadian Alliance to End Homelessness, November 4, 2019. Canadian Human Rights Tribunal The First Nations…

  • Revera’s business is “privileged and confidential”

    Revera’s business is “privileged and confidential”

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    On Monday, Revera Inc. released “A Perfect Storm: The COVID-19 Experience for Revera and the Long-Term Care Sector.” CBC describes Revera’s report as “undertaken by an external advisory panel, made up mostly of doctors and experts in the medical field who volunteered their time.” The Public Service Alliance of Canada calls the report a “slick…

  • “Christian Statesmanship”

    “Christian Statesmanship”

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    The cover of the April 14, 1888 edition of the Toronto-based satirical magazine Grip displays “Christian Statesmanship” – a political cartoon of John A. Macdonald starving Indigenous People on the Prairies. The cartoon has been reproduced in many papers and books – including James Daschuk’s classic Clearing the Plains: Disease, Politics of Starvation, and the…

  • Protected: Sean Carlteton Deputation to the Macdonald Working Group, September 25, 2020

    Protected: Sean Carlteton Deputation to the Macdonald Working Group, September 25, 2020

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    There is no excerpt because this is a protected post.

  • Dishonouring Us All

    Dishonouring Us All

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    Yesterday, The Times of Wellington, ON published my response to David Frum’s Letter to the Editor (The Times, September 16, 2020) regarding the legacy of John A. Macdonald. In my view, Mr. Frum stands in the way of Canadians finally accepting and beginning to reconcile ourselves to the awful truth that Canada committed genocide against…

  • Tainted Monuments: Additional Reading

    Tainted Monuments: Additional Reading

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    What to do with tainted monuments? This collection introduces the ethics of cultural heritage and shares recent philosophical answers to the question, including essays by two young Canadian scholars, Brenda Macdougall and Daniel Abrahams. The Ethics of Cultural Heritage, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2018) Is It Wrong to Topple Statues and Rename Schools?, Joanna Burch-Brown,…

  • Clearing the Plains: Additional Reading

    Clearing the Plains: Additional Reading

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    “Happy is the country that has no history,” a proverb states, as history more often than not recounts acts of violence and greed and dishonesty. Happiness is but a dream for Canada, according to James Daschuk, because the malice that has marked so much of human history happened here, too. In Clearing the Plains he…

  • John A. Macdonald was the real architect of residential schools

    John A. Macdonald was the real architect of residential schools

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    Sean Carleton, Toronto Star, July 9, 2017 On June 21, National Aboriginal Day, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced that the federal government will change the name of Langevin Block, the building across from Parliament Hill, to the Office of the Prime Minister and Privy Council. The building was named after Father of Confederation Sir Hector-Louis…

  • Open statement to Council re: public consultation about Holding Court

    Open statement to Council re: public consultation about Holding Court

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    It’s been a tough weekend for us in the County, so I hesitated to publish this open statement to Council re: the stalled public consultation on the statue of Macdonald Holding Court. I ended up thinking that Council needed to hear it was time to get on with it and stop procrastinating: Mayor Ferguson and…

  • Membership has its privileges: The Macdonald Project in Prince Edward County

    Membership has its privileges: The Macdonald Project in Prince Edward County

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    Introduction It’s only fair that supporters of Macdonald Holding Court have been seeking the most favourable terms for their side’s participation in Council’s review of their statue’s future in Prince Edward County. I’d say, they’re faring fairly well. David Warrick, who founded The Macdonald Project to promote and raise funds for the statute, has been…

  • Macdonald’s Leading Apologist in Prince Edward County

    Macdonald’s Leading Apologist in Prince Edward County

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    Two days ago, David Warrick (The Macdonald Project) invited friends and acquaintances by email to sign his petition to “support the continued presence of the statue of Sir John A. Macdonald and plaque in front of the Picton Library.” I’m neither Warrick’s friend nor acquaintaince yet, so I didn’t learn of his invitation until someone…

  • Upcoming Public Discussion re: Macdonald Holding Court on Picton Main Street

    Upcoming Public Discussion re: Macdonald Holding Court on Picton Main Street

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    Prince Edward County’s municipal council (Council) has announced that the Prince Edward Heritage Advisory Committee (PEHAC) is expected to lead a public discussion about the Macdonald statue’s future in Picton. The Agenda Package for the PEHAC’s next meeting on July 2, 2020 includes Draft Terms of Reference and Membership of for a Heritage Advisory Committee…

  • Sen. Murray Sinclair: Macdonald’s genocidal views

    Sen. Murray Sinclair: Macdonald’s genocidal views

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    On November 16, 2016, Senator Murray Sinclair spoke about Indigenous perspectives on racism to the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Public Affairs. In this video recording of his address (beginning at 00:18:00), Senator Sinclair confronts Sir John A. Macdonald’s clearly genocidal views and their lasting damage on generations of Indigenous children and their families. Here’s…

  • Time for Truth and Reconsideration in Prince Edward County

    Time for Truth and Reconsideration in Prince Edward County

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    Canada Day 2020 marks the fifth anniversary of the unveiling of a bronze statue of John A. Macdonald Holding Court (MHC) on Picton Main Street. Supporters and critics of MHC disagree strongly about Macdonald’s legacy and what honouring him with public memorials says about us. After learning that there’s no evidence for the truth of…

  • Presentations re: Macdonald Holding Court to PEC Council

    Presentations re: Macdonald Holding Court to PEC Council

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    On November 26, 2019, PEC Council received a deputation from Paul Allen and comments from four members of the audience requesting that the County defer the re-installation of the statue of Macdonald “Holding Court” on Picton Main Street until there’s been an opportunity for residents to learn of this pending change in our common space…

  • Long-Term Care Homes in Ontario: Accreditation Status

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    To date, we’ve published four resources to assist researchers interested in studying Long-Term Care (LTC) Homes and Retirement Homes in Ontario: Consolidated Dataset of LTC Homes (May 9, 2020) Consolidated Dataset of Retirement Homes (May 14, 2020) Index to Reports of Inspections Issued to LTC Homes (May 18, 2020) Index to Reports of Inspections Issued…

  • Wrapping-Up My Work on LTC Homes and Retirement Homes in Ontario

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    For the foreseeable future, I’m wrapping-up my work on Long-Term Care (LTC) Homes and Retirement Homes in Ontario. I’ve published four resources that I hope will prove helpful for researchers: Consolidated dataset of LTC Homes (May 9, 2020) Consolidated dataset of Retirement Homes (May 14, 2020) Index to Reports of Inspections Issued to LTC Homes…

  • An Index of Reports of Inspections Issued to Retirement Homes in Ontario (2012-2020)

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    On May 14, 2020, we released a consolidated database of 766 Retirement Homes in Ontario. Today we’re supplementing this database with an Index to Inspection Reports issued for these Retirement Homes between September 2012 and April 2020. Primary Source Our primary source was the Retirement Homes Regulatory Authority website. Methods As noted in our May…

  • An Index to Inspection Reports Issued for LTC Homes in Ontario (2010-2020)

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    On May 9, 2020, we released a consolidated database of 626 Long-Term Care (LTC) Homes in Ontario, derived from information published by the provincial government. Today we’re supplementing this database with an Index to Inspection Reports issued for LTC Homes in the province between April 2010 and March 2020. Primary Source Our primary source was…

  • Consolidated Dataset of Retirement Homes in Ontario

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    On May 9, 2020, we released a consolidated dataset of Long-Term Care (LTC) Homes in Ontario, derived from information published by the provincial government. We wanted to update the database and describe our primary sources, methods, and final results. Primary Sources Our first primary source was the Ontario government’s Ministry of Health Service Provider Locations…

  • Consolidated Dataset of LTC Homes in Ontario

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    On May 7, 2020, we released a database of Long-Term Care (LTC) Homes in Ontario, derived from information published by the provincial government. We wanted to update the database and describe our primary sources, methods, and final results. Primary Sources Our first primary source was the Ontario government’s Ministry of Health Service Provider Locations (MOHSERLO)…

  • Long-Term Care Homes in Ontario – UPDATE

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    UPDATE: In the course of documenting my methodology for creating the database of licensed Long-Term Care (LTC) Homes in Ontario, I discovered that one of my software scripts had inadvertently skipped over entries for about 20 LTC Homes. I’ll post my methodology and the corrected database later today (May 11, 2020). I apologize for any…

  • COVID-19 in Long Term Care: Pursuing Transparency *and* Preserving Privacy

    COVID-19 in Long Term Care: Pursuing Transparency *and* Preserving Privacy

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    Yesterday I credited the Ontario government with starting to include more detailed summaries of COVID-19 cases in Long Term Care homes in its daily updates. I also raised concerns about remaining gaps in the government’s reporting. I’ve been asked to explain one concern in particular: When the number of deaths among residents in a particular…

  • Finally, a glimpse of COVID-19 Cases in Long Term Care Homes in Ontario

    Finally, a glimpse of COVID-19 Cases in Long Term Care Homes in Ontario

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    Today, the Ontario government began publishing summaries of COVID-19 cases in Long Term Care (LTC) homes in the province, based upon Daily Reports submitted by LTCs to the Ministry of Long Term Care (MoLTC). Sharing this information is a significant step in the right direction – and starts to address some concerns that we’ve raised…